Mausoleum of Galla Placidia

Mausoleo di Galla Placidia Via Giuliano Argentario, 22, Ravenna RA Italy

The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia was built halfway through the 5th century by the sister of Emperor H ...

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Mausoleo di Galla Placidia Via Giuliano Argentario, 22, Ravenna RA Italy

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The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia was built halfway through the 5th century by the sister of Emperor Honorius Galla Placidia. However, it was never used by the Empress because she was buried in Rome. The outside of the building is very sober compared to the magnificence of the interior covered with marble slabs and entirely decorated with mosaics in the upper part. The mosaics show traces of the influence of both Hellenic-Roman and Christian tradition and represent the victory of eternal life over death.

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    Neonian Baptistery

    Battistero Neoniano (o degli Ortodossi) Via Gioacchino Rasponi, Ravenna RA Italy

    The Neonian Baptistery is one of the most ancient monuments in Ravenna, probably dating back to the ...

    Neonian BaptisteryUNESCO Monuments

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    Battistero Neoniano (o degli Ortodossi) Via Gioacchino Rasponi, Ravenna RA Italy

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    The Neonian Baptistery is one of the most ancient monuments in Ravenna, probably dating back to the early 5th century. Its decoration goes back to the time of Bishop Neon (mid-5th century). The brick building is octagonal in shape; the interior is decorated with marbles, stuccos and mosaics of Hellenic-Roman influence and the ceiling mosaic depicts the Baptism of Christ surrounded by the 12 apostles.

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      Arian Baptistery

      Battistero degli Ariani Vicolo Degli Ariani, 1 Ravenna RA Italy

      The Arian Baptistery was built in the late 5th century under Theoderic, when the Arian cult was the ...

      Arian BaptisteryUNESCO Monuments

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      Battistero degli Ariani Vicolo Degli Ariani, 1 Ravenna RA Italy

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      The Arian Baptistery was built in the late 5th century under Theoderic, when the Arian cult was the official state religion. There is nothing left of the various stuccos and decorations which used to cover the internal walls. The cupola, instead, is adorned with mosaics depicting the procession of the twelve Apostles and the Baptism of Christ, whose naked young body is immersed in water to the hips. The mosaics are an evidence of the Arian beliefs of the court, though inspired by the iconography of the Baptistery of Neon.

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        Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo

        Basilica di Sant'Apollinare Nuovo Via di Roma 52, Ravenna RA Italy

        Erected in the 6th century by Theoderic close to his palace, the Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo ...

        Basilica of Sant’Apollinare NuovoUNESCO Monuments

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        Basilica di Sant'Apollinare Nuovo Via di Roma 52, Ravenna RA Italy

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        Erected in the 6th century by Theoderic close to his palace, the Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo was originally a Palatine Church of Arian religion. The original mosaics of the interior document the evolution of Byzantine wall mosaics from the era of Theoderic to that of Justinian. The 26 christological scenes from the period of Theoderic are one of the biggest monumental cycles and, at the same time, the most ancient original mosaic work on the New Testament of all times.

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          Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovounesco monuments

          Oratory Of Sant’Andrea – Archiepiscopal Chapel

          Cappella di S. Andrea Piazza Arcivescovado, 1 Ravenna RA Italy

          The Oratory of Sant'Andrea or Archiepiscopal Chapel is the only existing archiepiscopal chapel of th ...

          Oratory Of Sant’Andrea – Archiepiscopal ChapelUNESCO Monuments

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          Cappella di S. Andrea Piazza Arcivescovado, 1 Ravenna RA Italy

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          The Oratory of Sant'Andrea or Archiepiscopal Chapel is the only existing archiepiscopal chapel of the early Christian era that has been preserved intact to the present day. It was erected as a private oratory for Catholic bishops by Peter II (494-519) under the reign of Theoderic, when Arianism was the main religion of the court. The cross-shaped chapel is preceded by a small vestibule, covered with marble and mosaics depicting an anti-Arian glorification of Christ. The decoration of the vault of the vestibule shows 99 species of birds, some of which typical of Ravenna’s natural areas.

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            Oratory Of Sant’Andrea – Archiepiscopal Chapelunesco monuments

            Mausoleum of Theoderic

            Mausoleo di Teodorico Via delle Industrie 14, Ravenna RA Italy

            Erected by Theoderic around 520 as his own resting place, this mausoleum of Istrian stone is divided ...

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            Mausoleo di Teodorico Via delle Industrie 14, Ravenna RA Italy

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            Erected by Theoderic around 520 as his own resting place, this mausoleum of Istrian stone is divided into two decagonal orders crowned by a monolithic dome measuring 10m in diameter. Over the centuries, its decorations were gradually stripped off and the tomb was used for different functions. In its interior, there is a circular porphyry tub where Theoderic was presumably buried.

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              Basilica of San Vitale

              Basilica di San Vitale Via Argentario 22, Ravenna RA Italy

              Consecrated in 548 AD, the Basilica of San Vitale is one of the most important monuments of the Earl ...

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              Basilica di San Vitale Via Argentario 22, Ravenna RA Italy

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              Consecrated in 548 AD, the Basilica of San Vitale is one of the most important monuments of the Early Christian art. The eastern influence has a dominant role here: the typical division into nave and two aisles is replaced by a central, octagonal plan, topped by a cupola that rests on eight pilasters and arches. On entering the Basilica of San Vitale, the eyes are captured by the elevation and width of spaces, by the stunning mosaic decorations of the apse representing the Byzantine imperial couple – Justinian and Theodora – and by the baroque frescoes of the cupola.

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                Basilica of Sant’Apollinare in Classe

                Basilica di Sant'Apollinare in Classe Via Romea Sud 224, Classe RA Italy

                Located 8 km away from the city centre, the Basilica of Sant’Apollinare in Classe was built in the ...

                Basilica of Sant’Apollinare in ClasseUNESCO Monuments

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                Basilica di Sant'Apollinare in Classe Via Romea Sud 224, Classe RA Italy

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                Located 8 km away from the city centre, the Basilica of Sant’Apollinare in Classe was built in the first half of the 6th century on an ancient burial area where Saint Apollinaris – one of the first bishops of Ravenna – was probably buried. Described as the most impressive basilica of the Early Christian period, Sant'Apollinare in Classe is now admired for its beautiful polychrome apse mosaics and ancient marble sarcophagi of archbishops placed along the aisles.

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                  Basilica of Sant’Apollinare in Classeunesco monuments

                  Archiepiscopal Museum

                  Museo Arcivescovile Piazza Arcivescovado 1, Ravenna RA Italy

                  Located inside the Archiepiscopal Palace of Ravenna, the Archiepiscopal Museum contains numerous art ...

                  Archiepiscopal MuseumMuseums and galleries

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                  Museo Arcivescovile Piazza Arcivescovado 1, Ravenna RA Italy

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                  Located inside the Archiepiscopal Palace of Ravenna, the Archiepiscopal Museum contains numerous artworks that belonged to the ancient cathedral and to other buildings now demolished. It contains the throne of Maximian, one of the most renowned ivory carvings of all times and the work of 6th-century Byzantine artists. The museum is home to the Chapel of St. Andrew.

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                    Archiepiscopal Museummuseums and galleries

                    Dante Museum

                    Museo Dantesco Via Dante Alighieri 4/6, Ravenna RA Italy

                    Dante Museum is located in the charming Ancient Franciscan Cloisters. The exhibition itinerary aims ...

                    Dante MuseumMuseums and galleries

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                    Museo Dantesco Via Dante Alighieri 4/6, Ravenna RA Italy

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                    Dante Museum is located in the charming Ancient Franciscan Cloisters. The exhibition itinerary aims at highlighting the role played in Dante’s life by the city of Ravenna where the exiled poet spent his last days. Focus of the exhibition is the iconography of Dante, exemplified by busts, paintings, medals and icons. The museum traces back the memories relating to the Tomb and to the well-known issue of the translation of Dante’s bones, that had been concealed for centuries till their chance founding in 1865.

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                      Dante Museummuseums and galleries

                      MAR-Ravenna Art Museum

                      Mar - Museo D'Arte della Città di Ravenna Via di Roma 13, Ravenna RA Italy

                      MAR – Museo d'Arte della Città di Ravenna (Ravenna Art Museum) is housed in the monumental site k ...

                      MAR-Ravenna Art MuseumMuseums and galleries

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                      Mar - Museo D'Arte della Città di Ravenna Via di Roma 13, Ravenna RA Italy

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                      MAR – Museo d'Arte della Città di Ravenna (Ravenna Art Museum) is housed in the monumental site known as Loggetta Lombardesca, a monastery from the 16th century belonging to the near church of Santa Maria in Porto. Home to many temporary art exhibitions, the art museum hosts a collection of medieval and modern art and some contemporary mosaics from the post-war years to the present day. It also includes the International Centre for the Documentation of Mosaics (CIDM).

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                        MAR-Ravenna Art Museummuseums and galleries

                        National Museum

                        Museo Nazionale di Ravenna Via San Vitale 17, Ravenna RA Italy

                        Housed in the cloisters of the former Benedictine Monastery next to the Basilica of San Vitale, the ...

                        National MuseumMuseums and galleries

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                        Museo Nazionale di Ravenna Via San Vitale 17, Ravenna RA Italy

                        Basic Info

                        Housed in the cloisters of the former Benedictine Monastery next to the Basilica of San Vitale, the National Museum houses important collections of minor arts (archaeological finds, precious textiles, ivories, etc.), as well as the cycle of 14th-century frescoes of Santa Chiara that decorated the church of the Poor Clare Sisters in Ravenna, now Luigi Rasi Theatre.

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                          TAMO Museum – All the Adventure of the Mosaic

                          Museo Tamo - Tutta l'avventura del mosaico Via Nicolò Rondinelli 2, Ravenna RA Italy

                          The Complex of San Nicolò hosts the Tamo Museum (Tutta l'Avventura del Mosaico), a permanent exhibi ...

                          TAMO Museum – All the Adventure of the MosaicMuseums and galleries

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                          Museo Tamo - Tutta l'avventura del mosaico Via Nicolò Rondinelli 2, Ravenna RA Italy

                          Basic Info

                          The Complex of San Nicolò hosts the Tamo Museum (Tutta l'Avventura del Mosaico), a permanent exhibition dedicated to mosaics that renews and widens its collection every year. The exhibition proposes a tour through the mosaic heritage of Ravenna and to its territory, dating back to antique, late-antique and medieval period up to the productions of modern and contemporary artists and experts in industrial mosaics. Tamo cannot be strictly defined as a museum, but rather as a mosaic stronghold.

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                            TAMO Museum – All the Adventure of the Mosaicmuseums and galleries

                            Basilica of San Francesco

                            Basilica di San Francesco Piazza San Francesco 1, Ravenna RA Italy

                            The construction of the Basilica of San Francesco goes back to the mid-5th century AD. However, very ...

                            Basilica of San FrancescoSacral objects

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                            Basilica di San Francesco Piazza San Francesco 1, Ravenna RA Italy

                            Basic Info

                            The construction of the Basilica of San Francesco goes back to the mid-5th century AD. However, very little remains of the early Christian church because of the frequent reconstructions that have modified the original shape of the building. The church looks very neat from the outside, while the interior houses a 10th century crypt propped up by small pilasters situated under the altar. The crypt floor is now permanently submerged in water and yet it is still possible to catch glimpse of the mosaic fragments that used to decorate the floor of the original church.

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                              Basilica of San Francescosacral objects

                              Cathedral (Basilica Ursiana)

                              Cattedrale di Ravenna Piazza Duomo, Ravenna RA Italy

                              Designed by Giovanni Francesco Buonamici, the Cathedral of Ravenna was completely re-built between 1 ...

                              Cathedral (Basilica Ursiana)Sacral objects

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                              Cattedrale di Ravenna Piazza Duomo, Ravenna RA Italy

                              Basic Info

                              Designed by Giovanni Francesco Buonamici, the Cathedral of Ravenna was completely re-built between 1734 and 1735 on the site where Bishop Urso had erected the former cathedral of the city in the late 4th century. The original floor is now over 3 metres below ground level. The interior of this church is divided into a central nave and two side aisles. Wholly frescoed by Giovan Battista and Andrea Barbiani, the nearly 50m-high dome rests on a tambour topped by a lantern and illuminated by eight big windows.

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                                Cathedral (Basilica Ursiana)sacral objects

                                Domus of the Stone Carpets

                                Domus dei Tappeti di Pietra Via Barbiani 16, Ravenna RA Italy

                                The Domus of the Stone Carpets is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the last d ...

                                Domus of the Stone CarpetsArchaeological sites

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                                Domus dei Tappeti di Pietra Via Barbiani 16, Ravenna RA Italy

                                Basic Info

                                The Domus of the Stone Carpets is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the last decades in Italy. It consists of a complex of buildings dating back to the Roman Republic up to the Byzantine period. One of these is particularly interesting: a small palace where 14 rooms and 3 courtyards have been identified, covered with marble tarsia or mosaics showing refined patterns and figures made of polychrome tiles (mid-6th century).

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                                  Domus of the Stone Carpetsarchaeological sites

                                  Rasponi Crypt and Roof Gardens of the Provincia Palace

                                  Cripta Rasponi e Giardini Pensili del Palazzo della Provincia Piazza San Francesco 1, Ravenna RA Italy

                                  Although originally intended to be the funeral chapel of the Rasponi family, the Rasponi crypt was n ...

                                  Rasponi Crypt and Roof Gardens of the Provincia PalaceArchaeological sites

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                                  Cripta Rasponi e Giardini Pensili del Palazzo della Provincia Piazza San Francesco 1, Ravenna RA Italy

                                  Basic Info

                                  Although originally intended to be the funeral chapel of the Rasponi family, the Rasponi crypt was never used for this purpose. The crypt is divided into three rooms with mosaic floors: the entrance, a room containing a stone sphere and a third room with a small altar for religious ceremonies. The Roof gardens show a nice fountain and a Neo-Gothic tower. Visitors can enter the near terrace situated on the 1839 vault from the roof passage overlooking Piazza San Francesco which used to connect Rasponi Palace to its horse stables and warehouses.

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                                    Rasponi Crypt and Roof Gardens of the Provincia Palacearchaeological sites

                                    (So-called) Theoderic’s Palace

                                    Palazzo di Teoderico (cosiddetto) Via di Roma, angolo via Alberoni, Ravenna RA Italy

                                    The name “Theoderic's Palace” usually refers to the architectural remnants of a building overloo ...

                                    (So-called) Theoderic’s PalaceArchaeological sites

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                                    Palazzo di Teoderico (cosiddetto) Via di Roma, angolo via Alberoni, Ravenna RA Italy

                                    Basic Info

                                    The name “Theoderic's Palace” usually refers to the architectural remnants of a building overlooking Via di Roma. According to some scholars, the building is the remaining part of a 7th-8th century gatehouse erected for the surveillance of the residence of the exarchs. Others believe that the remnants originally represented the atrium-arcade (ardica) of the former church San Salvatore ad Calchi. Today, the upper room of the Palace houses numerous floor mosaics. Mosaic fragments can be seen also on the ground floor.

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                                      (So-called) Theoderic’s Palacearchaeological sites

                                      Brancaleone Fortress

                                      Rocca Brancaleone Via Rocca Brancaleone, Ravenna RA Italy

                                      The Brancaleone Fortress was built by the Venetians in 1457 with the aim of reinforcing the defensiv ...

                                      Brancaleone FortressCity walls and forts

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                                      Rocca Brancaleone Via Rocca Brancaleone, Ravenna RA Italy

                                      Basic Info

                                      The Brancaleone Fortress was built by the Venetians in 1457 with the aim of reinforcing the defensive structures of the city. The main construction of the fortress was the Rocca itself, a wide quadrilateral surface measuring 2180 square metres with four impressing circular towers at the corners joined by walls. To the south, a 14.000 square-meter area called Cittadella was once used for the accommodation of the garrisons, for the storage of foodstuffs and arms, for the stalls and for other purposes. The fortress now hosts the Rocca Brancaleone public gardens.

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                                        Brancaleone Fortresscity walls and forts

                                        Classense Library

                                        Biblioteca Classense Via Alfredo Baccarini, 3, Ravenna RA Italy

                                        The construction of the Classense Library began in 1512. Paintings and artworks by numerous artists ...

                                        Classense LibraryPublic buildings

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                                        Biblioteca Classense Via Alfredo Baccarini, 3, Ravenna RA Italy

                                        Basic Info

                                        The construction of the Classense Library began in 1512. Paintings and artworks by numerous artists from the 16th to the 18th century still decorate the library rooms and corridors. Adorned with statues, stuccoes and finely carved wood shelves, the Aula Magna or Libreria is of utmost importance. The library preserves a wide collection of books of different types ranging from ancient and modern printed works, manuscripts and etchings to maps, photographs, archive documents and multimedia materials.

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                                          Classense Librarypublic buildings

                                          Dante’s Tomb and Quadrarco di Braccioforte

                                          Tomba di Dante Via Dante Alighieri 9, Ravenna RA Italy

                                          Built in 1780 by architect Camillo Morigia, the little neoclassical temple houses Dante's bones. ...

                                          Dante’s Tomb and Quadrarco di BraccioforteSacral objects

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                                          Tomba di Dante Via Dante Alighieri 9, Ravenna RA Italy

                                          Basic Info

                                          Built in 1780 by architect Camillo Morigia, the little neoclassical temple houses Dante's bones. Inside the Tomb, a 1483 relief by Pietro Lombardo situated above the sarcophagus depicts Dante at a reading-desk; in the middle of the temple, an 18th century votive lamp burns olive oil from Tuscan Apennines. Located to the right of the Tomb, the garden of the Quadrarco di Braccioforte hosts two sarcophagi.

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                                            Dante’s Tomb and Quadrarco di Bracciofortesacral objects

                                            Piazza del Popolo

                                            Piazza del Popolo Ravenna RA Italy

                                            Piazza del Popolo was built by the Venetians as the core of the renewal process carried out under th ...

                                            Piazza del PopoloPublic squares and streets

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                                            Piazza del Popolo Ravenna RA Italy

                                            Basic Info

                                            Piazza del Popolo was built by the Venetians as the core of the renewal process carried out under the dominion of the Serenissima in the city of Ravenna. In 1483 two columns were erected on the square, one topped by the lion of Saint Mark and the other by the statue of Saint Apollinaris, the patron saint of the city. In 1509, when Pope Julius II defeated the Venetians and conquered the city, all emblems of the Serenissima disappeared. The lion of St. Mark was replaced by the statue of Apollinaris while Saint Vitalis was placed on top of the second column.

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                                              Piazza del Popolopublic squares and streets

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