Estense Castle

Largo Castello 1 - Ferrara

In Ferrara in 1385, a dangerous revolt convinced Niccolò II d’Este of the need to erect mighty de ...

Estense CastlePublic buildings

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Largo Castello 1 - Ferrara

Opening Hours

9.30-17.30. The ticket office closes at 16.45.
June, July and August: 9.30-13.30 / 15.00-19.00. The ticket office closes at 18.15.
February, March; April, May, June and September OPEN DAILY.
July, August, October, November, December and January CLOSED ON MONDAY
Closed on December 25th.

Basic Info

In Ferrara in 1385, a dangerous revolt convinced Niccolò II d’Este of the need to erect mighty defences for himself and his family thus the Castello di San Michele was built, a fortress erected against the people.
Its imposing proportions, its moat, its drawbridges and its towers date back to that remote period. Centuries went by and the risk of riots died down. And so the castle became the magnificent residence of the court and was embellished with roof terraces at the top of the towers, marble balconies, the Renaissance style courtyard and sumptuous apartments. The imposing towers stand out at the four corners of the Castle, symbols of the magnificence of the Este Family.

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Estense Castlepublic buildings

Cathedral

Piazza della Cattedrale, Ferrara

The cathedral of Ferrara dates from the 12th century and bears witness to all the historical periods ...

CathedralSacral objects

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Piazza della Cattedrale, Ferrara

Opening Hours

Working days: 7.30-12.00 / 16.00-18.30.
Sundays and holidays: 7.30-12.30 / 16.00-19.30.

Basic Info

The cathedral of Ferrara dates from the 12th century and bears witness to all the historical periods of the city. The outstanding façade was begun in Romanesque style, still visible in the lower part. The upper part was built some decades later in a Gothic style and besides the numerous small arches and windows presents an extraordinary Last Judgment by an unknown sculptor. The side facing Piazza Trento e Trieste is decorated with two galleries and small columns of various shapes. The interior was completely rebuilt at various times and today hosts a complex decoration of paintings and sculptures.

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Cathedralsacral objects

Palazzo dei Diamanti

Corso Ercole I d'Este, 21, 44121 Ferrara

The magnificent Palazzo dei Diamanti, at the centre of the Addizione Erculea, on the important cross ...

Palazzo dei DiamantiPublic buildings

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Corso Ercole I d'Este, 21, 44121 Ferrara

Opening Hours

National Gallery 9.00-14.00. Thursdays: 9.00-19.00.
Visits are possible during the opening hours of the National Gallery and of the Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art.

Basic Info

The magnificent Palazzo dei Diamanti, at the centre of the Addizione Erculea, on the important crossroads known as the Quadrivio degli Angeli belonged to the duke’s brother Sigismondo d’Este. Its name derives from over 8000 pink and white marble ashlars in the form of pyramids (or diamonds) that cover the two façades. The architect Biagio Rossetti rendered it a townplanning masterpiece by placing the most important decoration on the corner: a contrivance destined to highlight the importance of the crossroads. Today, the palace is home to museums: Pinacoteca Nazionale and Galleria d'Arte Moderna.

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Palazzo dei Diamantipublic buildings

Palazzo Municipale

Piazza Municipale, 2 - Ferrara

Begun in 1245, the City Hall was the residence of the Este family until the 16th century. ...

Palazzo MunicipalePublic buildings

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Piazza Municipale, 2 - Ferrara

Opening Hours

Working days 9,00 – 14.00 Closing days Saturdays, Sundays and holidays

Basic Info

Begun in 1245, the City Hall was the residence of the Este family until the 16th century. The main entrance is through Volto del Cavallo, opposite the cathedral, and is flanked by two sculptures, copies of the original 15th century ones. The present-day facade is a neo-Gothic reconstruction that includes the Torre della Vittoria, where the bronze monument to Victory, a work of great value by Arrigo Minerbi (1918) is housed. Today the building hosts the municipality of the city of Ferrara

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Palazzo Municipalepublic buildings

The walls, stretching for nine kilometres, surround Ferrara almost entirely, forming one of the most ...

Corso Ercole I d’EstePublic squares and streets

Opening Hours

Always open

Basic Info

The walls, stretching for nine kilometres, surround Ferrara almost entirely, forming one of the most comprehensive and varied routes in Italy. All the most significant periods of Italian military architecture are represented there, surrounded by the greenery of the embankments and ramparts. Also studied by -michelangelo as an example of the highest military art, the red tile curtain walls bear wirtness to the important past of the city.Nowadays, the city walls have become a large park, in addition to the smaller ones within the city.

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Corso Ercole I d’Estepublic squares and streets

Piazza Ariostea

Piazza Ariostea - Ferrara

This very special oval piazza set below ground level and also famous for the races of the Palio, is ...

Piazza AriosteaPublic squares and streets

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Piazza Ariostea - Ferrara

Opening Hours

Always open

Basic Info

This very special oval piazza set below ground level and also famous for the races of the Palio, is the work of the architect Biagio Rossetti.
The town-planning intent was to give the new city (the so-called Addizione Erculea) its own meeting point, which could then become the 'new market square'. But the main marketplace always remained the one along the side of the Cathedral. The piazza, framed by two of Rossetti's palaces with porticoes, was formerly called Piazza Nuova, but is now named after the poet Ludovico Ariosto, whose statue stands at the centre on a column.

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Piazza Ariosteapublic squares and streets

Jewish Ghetto

Ferrara

In the heart of the medieval city lies the ghetto, an area which conserves the memories of the centu ...

Jewish GhettoPublic squares and streets

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Ferrara

Opening Hours

Always open

Basic Info

In the heart of the medieval city lies the ghetto, an area which conserves the memories of the centuries-old Jewish Community of Ferrara and where the same community was from 1627 to 1961.
Via Mazzini, formerly known as Via dei Sabbioni, was the main thoroughfare of the ghetto: at no. 95 is found the 15th century Synagogue, still in use; beside its door two stone tablets constitute a tangible record of the terrible racial persecutions. Inside is found the treasured Jewish Museum.

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Jewish Ghettopublic squares and streets

National Archaeological Museum

Via XX settembre, 124 - Ferrara

The museum, housed on the first floor of the Palazzo Costabili, exhibits the findings of the Etrusca ...

National Archaeological MuseumMuseums and galleries

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Via XX settembre, 124 - Ferrara

Opening Hours

SUMMER TIME: From Tuesday to Sunday from 9.30am to 7pm (Ticket office closes at 6.30pm)
WINTER TIME: From Sunday to Thursday from 9.30am to 5pm
(Ticket office closes at 4.30pm)
Friday and Saturday from 9.30am to 7pm (Ticket office closes at 6.30pm

Basic Info

The museum, housed on the first floor of the Palazzo Costabili, exhibits the findings of the Etruscan city of Spina which flourished from the 6th to the 3rd century B.C. and survived until the first centuries A.D. After it was submerged by the water of the Po Delta, it became just a legendary name for centuries, until, at the beginning of the 20th century, the first necropolises were brought to light again by land reclamation works.
The museum conserves various types of objects, many of them of excellent artistic quality. Only part of the collections are displayed taking up six rooms.

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National Archaeological Museummuseums and galleries

Charterhouse

Piazza Borso 1. Ferrara

The Charterhouse, built by Borso d’Este in 1461, was transformed into a monumental cemetery at the ...

CharterhouseSacral objects

Address | Location on Map

Piazza Borso 1. Ferrara

Opening Hours

Working days 7,30 – 19,30

Basic Info

The Charterhouse, built by Borso d’Este in 1461, was transformed into a monumental cemetery at the beginning of the 1800s and conserves important sculptures. Visitors are welcomed by two long arcades almost forming a semicircle. The complex is dominated by the St. Christopher’s Church, started in 1498 and attributed to Biagio Rossetti. The façade is unfinished. The interior of the church has a single nave that is wide and full of light with six chapels on each side and a deep presbyterial area with anapse.

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Charterhousesacral objects

Monastery of Sant’Antonio in Polesine

Vicolo del Gambone, Ferrara

Set in the heart of the medieval city, the monastery still gives the sense of isolation and tranquil ...

Monastery of Sant’Antonio in PolesineSacral objects

Address | Location on Map

Vicolo del Gambone, Ferrara

Opening Hours

From Mon. to Fri.: 9.30 – 11.30 /15.15 – 17.00.
Saturday: 9.30 – 11.30 a.m. /3.15 – 4.30 p.m

Basic Info

Set in the heart of the medieval city, the monastery still gives the sense of isolation and tranquillity it did during its early years, when it stood upon an island in the middle of the Po.
Founded by the Blessed Beatrice d’Este, daughter of Marquis Azzo VII, the convent was always protected by the Este family, who were never sparing with money for its embellishment. In its eriodo f greatest splendour, the growth of the Benedictine community was such that it occupied a large number of adjacent buildings; nowadays the nuns live in the oldest and most interesting wing of the complex.

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Monastery of Sant’Antonio in Polesinesacral objects

Palazzina Marfisa d’Este

Corso Giovecca, 170 Ferrara

The Villa is a splendid example of a 16th-century high-class residence and was once surrounded by ma ...

Palazzina Marfisa d’EstePublic buildings

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Corso Giovecca, 170 Ferrara

Opening Hours

9.30-13.00 / 15.00-18.00.. Closing days monday

Basic Info

The Villa is a splendid example of a 16th-century high-class residence and was once surrounded by magnificent gardens that connected it to other buildings known as Casini di San Silvestro.
It takes its name from the princess Marfisa d’Este. Marfisa lived in it until her death and refused to leave Ferrara even after her family moved to Modena and the city was devolved to the Papal States. The façade on Corso Giovecca is in brick with large rectangular windows. The large garden behind is now closed off by a loggia painted with a fake bower, used for performances.

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Palazzina Marfisa d’Estepublic buildings

Palazzo Schifanoia

Via Scandiana 23, 44121 - Ferrara

The name of the palace derives from the motto 'schivar la noia' meaning 'avoid tedium ...

Palazzo SchifanoiaMuseums and galleries

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Via Scandiana 23, 44121 - Ferrara

Opening Hours

9.30 - 18.00. Closing days monday

Basic Info

The name of the palace derives from the motto 'schivar la noia' meaning 'avoid tedium' and refers to the building's function as a place for fun and recreation as it was an Estense ‘Delizia’ (palace for recreation).
Nowadays, the palace has the appearance of a long building divided into two wings. The most famous and interesting room is definitely the Sala dei Mesi (Room of the Months), frescoed by Ferrara painters of the 15th century: Francesco del Cossa, Ercole de' Roberti and others. Painted pilaster strips divide the wails into squares, each corresponding to a month.

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Palazzo Schifanoiamuseums and galleries

Abbey of Pomposa

Via Pomposa Centro 12, Codigoro (Fe)

A masterpiece of Romanesque art, Pomposa Abbey can be seen from a distance with its towering campani ...

Abbey of PomposaSacral objects

Address | Location on Map

Via Pomposa Centro 12, Codigoro (Fe)

Opening Hours

The complex: 8.30-19.00. Church open every day.
The museum: closed on Monday.
Opening hours on Christmas Holidays: 25th Dec. and 1st Jan. 1.30 - 7.30 pm

Basic Info

A masterpiece of Romanesque art, Pomposa Abbey can be seen from a distance with its towering campanile, which dominates the surrounding countryside like a "lighthouse" in the sea of green that surrounds it. The church was founded in the 6th century A.D. and from the middle of the 9th century the first community of Benedictine monks began to form, reaching its peak after the year 1000, when the Abbot’s spiritual and political jurisdiction extended over all the surrounding villages. A true lighthouse of culture, Pomposa had one of the most extensive libraries of the time.

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Abbey of Pomposasacral objects

Este Castle of Mesola

Piazza Santo Spirito, Mesola (Fe)

This important building, the massive and elegant hunting castle, was built by the last Duke of Ferra ...

Este Castle of MesolaCity walls and forts

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Piazza Santo Spirito, Mesola (Fe)

Opening Hours

From mid-March: Tue-Sun. 9.30-12.30/ 14.30-17.30.
From April to October: Tue-Sun. 9.30-12.30/ 15.00-18.00.
For groups booking required
Closing days: Monday

Basic Info

This important building, the massive and elegant hunting castle, was built by the last Duke of Ferrara, Alfonso II during the second half of the XVI Century. It was the last of the so-called "delizie" (delights) of the Este family. It was meant to provide hospitality for the court during the hunting season, but the entire complex was surrounded by fortification walls with towers. Nowadays the castle is used as the seat of the Municipal Library and the Historic Archive.

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Este Castle of Mesolacity walls and forts

Torre Abate

Via Belmonte, Mesola (Fe)

It 's the most significant evidence of the efforts made in the hydraulic protection of the terr ...

Torre AbateCity walls and forts

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Via Belmonte, Mesola (Fe)

Opening Hours

Visit only outside

Basic Info

It 's the most significant evidence of the efforts made in the hydraulic protection of the territory and is linked to the history of land reclamation undertaken by the Este Court in the sixteenth century.
Originally the flow of water was controlled by a system of wind-powered gates, but later it ceased to be a lock because of the newer Porto Viro cut, and was used for defence and customs. The building is now once again surrounded by water and wetland vegetation thanks to environmental adjustment works.

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Torre Abatecity walls and forts

Roman Necropolis of Voghenza

Via D. Alighieri Fondo Setta, Voghenza (Fe)

Voghenza was a Roman city called Vicus Aventinus or Vico Habentia: an administrative hub of vast imp ...

Roman Necropolis of VoghenzaArchaeological sites

Address | Location on Map

Via D. Alighieri Fondo Setta, Voghenza (Fe)

Opening Hours

Open all year. You can see the necropolis only from the outside

Basic Info

Voghenza was a Roman city called Vicus Aventinus or Vico Habentia: an administrative hub of vast imperial properties. Excavations begun in 1976 have brought to light a burial and monumental area of a certain significance that can be dated between the middle of the 1th to the 3rd century A.D. The necropolis has already turned up 67 burial spots dating back to the 6th-7th centuries A.D. The materials found consists of common pottery, oil-lamps, glass balm containers and amber, metal, gold, onyx and bone objects. Some of these finds are on display in the Museo Archeologico di Belriguardo.

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Roman Necropolis of Voghenzaarchaeological sites

Rocca Possente di Stellata

Via Argine Po, Stellata (Fe)

Built in around the year 1000, it was extended and reinforced by the Este family in 1362. ...

Rocca Possente di StellataCity walls and forts

Address | Location on Map

Via Argine Po, Stellata (Fe)

Opening Hours

Visit only outside

Basic Info

Built in around the year 1000, it was extended and reinforced by the Este family in 1362. Its strategic position on the Po together with that of the Rocca di Ficarolo on the opposite bank to which it was connected by a chain, meant control over navigation. It was destroyed in 1521 but quickly rebuilt. Its peculiar walls at a slant gave better protection against enemy artillery. The star-shaped layout probably dates back to 1570 and it is this characteristic form that gave the name to the village of Stellata.

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Rocca Possente di Stellatacity walls and forts

Delizia Estense di Benvignante

SS 16 per Argenta, Benvignante

This work by the court architect, Pietro Benvenuto degli Ordini, was carried out for Borso d'Es ...

Delizia Estense di BenvignantePublic buildings

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SS 16 per Argenta, Benvignante

Opening Hours

Visit only outside

Basic Info

This work by the court architect, Pietro Benvenuto degli Ordini, was carried out for Borso d'Este and is an excellent example of the refined, elegant Ferrarese style during the Renaissance period.
Although the building is in the category of a country villa, it also played an important role as both a defensive outpost and as a symbol of political power. This might was represented by the vaulted, turreted tower in the centre of the building. The coat of arms gazes out over the brickwork arched entrance and is yet another sign of the splendour of times gone by.

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Delizia Estense di Benvignantepublic buildings

Delizia Estense di Belriguardo

Strada Provinciale 274, Voghiera (Fe)

Built in 1435, the Delizia del Belriguardo was the first to be built outside the walls of Ferrara. I ...

Delizia Estense di BelriguardoPublic buildings

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Strada Provinciale 274, Voghiera (Fe)

Opening Hours

Fridays, Saturdays, Sundays and holidays: 10-12; 15.00-18.00. All days: with reservation for groups.Visits are possible during the opening hours of the Archaeological Museum.

Basic Info

Built in 1435, the Delizia del Belriguardo was the first to be built outside the walls of Ferrara. It was one of the largest and most sumptuous stately homes of the Renaissance period, so much so that it was dubbed "The Versailles of the Estensi". Besides the main building, it included two loggias around the minor buildings, with stables that could accommodate up to 200 horses. The entire complex was surrounded by vast gardens with ponds and fountains, embrasured walls with painted towers and a moat. Today, the Delizia houses two museums.

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Delizia Estense di Belriguardopublic buildings

Delizia Estense del Verginese

Via del Verginese, Gambulaga

In the small village of Gambulaga, set in the green countryside, stands this quaint Estense turreted ...

Delizia Estense del VerginesePublic buildings

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Via del Verginese, Gambulaga

Opening Hours

Sat and holidays:
10.00-12.30/15.00-18.30 (November - March)
10.00-12.30 / 15.30-19.00 (April - October).
All days: with reservation for groups

Basic Info

In the small village of Gambulaga, set in the green countryside, stands this quaint Estense turreted villa, which, due to its small size, looks like a sort of miniature castle. Alfonso I had it built at the beginning of the 16th century on the banks of the River Sandolo, The architect Girolamo da Carpi converted a pre-existing farmhouse configuring the building as a castle bordered by four square embrasured towers. The aim was by no means defensive, but was highly ornamental and ostentatious. Alongside, stands a small 18th-century church, joined the building by a portico of the same period.

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Delizia Estense del Verginesepublic buildings

Villa della Mensa

Strada per Formignana, Sabbioncello San Vittore

This is a monumental complex of great importance, where the bishops of Ferrara stayed until the peri ...

Villa della MensaPublic buildings

Address | Location on Map

Strada per Formignana, Sabbioncello San Vittore

Opening Hours

Temporarily closed

Basic Info

This is a monumental complex of great importance, where the bishops of Ferrara stayed until the period of the Napoleonic suppression (1797). The great villa was built on the orders of Bartholomew della Rovere, nephew of the Pope Sixtus IV and brother of the Pope Jiulius II between 1474 and 1495. The Villa has a polygonal groundplan and a cloistered court. The front of the building, facing west, continues in two walls with battlements that extend to the service courtyards at the sides of the villa.

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Villa della Mensapublic buildings

Trepponti

Comacchio

The reason for which this singular structure was built lies in the need for defending the city. ...

TreppontiPublic squares and streets

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Comacchio

Opening Hours

Always open

Basic Info

The reason for which this singular structure was built lies in the need for defending the city. In fact, the only means of access was from the confluence of the river ways. It is the one single building which best represents the lagoon features of the city of Comacchio. It’s formed of five wide rounded staircases, each one extending over one of the canals, topped by a central structure in Istrian stone and two towers. Its purpose was to connect the network of internal canals with the canal leading to the sea. At the foot of the bridge there is a square on which the old fish market was located.

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Treppontipublic squares and streets

The Pickling Factory

Via Mazzini 200, Comacchio

The imposing eel pickling factory at Comacchio is a piece of the delta's history. Life in the V ...

The Pickling FactoryMuseums and galleries

Address | Location on Map

Via Mazzini 200, Comacchio

Opening Hours

Winter (1 November-28 February): 9.30-13.00 / 14.30-18.00; Summer (1 March-31 October): 9.30-12.30 / 15.00-19.00.
Guided visits on arrangement.

Basic Info

The imposing eel pickling factory at Comacchio is a piece of the delta's history. Life in the Valli was hard, a life spent between the ubiquitous water and the meagre patches of flat land, searching for eels and fish to survive.The Museo dei Fuochi tells of these affairs with its twelve functioning chimneys that served to give the eel that characteristic cooking that has put it back on modern menus. The fires, the spits and the barrels have all been restored to recreate the fascinating storyline of a territory interwoven with legends and truths.

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The Pickling Factorymuseums and galleries

The Valleys of Comacchio

Via Agatopisto, 3 Comacchio

Although land reclamation has reduced their size, the marshes are still one of the largest lagoon sy ...

The Valleys of ComacchioParks and gardens

Address | Location on Map

Via Agatopisto, 3 Comacchio

Opening Hours

From April 1 to June 8 and from September 13 to October 31
Excursions 11.00am-3.00pm guaranteed
Excursions 9.00am-5.00pm departure guaranteed with minimum 10 people
From June 9 to September 12
Excursions 11.00am-5.00pm guaranteed
Excursions 9.00am-3.00pm departure guaranteed with minimum 10 people

Basic Info

Although land reclamation has reduced their size, the marshes are still one of the largest lagoon systems in Italy. They cover an area of more than 11,000 hectares between Comacchio and the river Reno and are connected to the sea via canals. They form an environment of rare beauty within the Po Delta Park: in some places the stretches of brackish water are interrupted by rises in the land or divided by embankments and ancient sandbars, in others they extend freely like mirrors reflecting the ever-changing light of the sky. The valleys are included in the Po Delta regional Park.

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The Valleys of Comacchioparks and gardens

Campotto oasis

Via Cardinala 1/c Campotto

The Campotto Oasis is part of the Po Delta Park and represents an important rest area for migratory ...

Campotto oasisParks and gardens

Address | Location on Map

Via Cardinala 1/c Campotto

Opening Hours

Valle Santa: free. Thu, Sat., Sun. entirely open.
Val Campotto, Valle Bassarone and Bosco del Traversante only with a guide together with the Museum - min. 5 pax.

Basic Info

The Campotto Oasis is part of the Po Delta Park and represents an important rest area for migratory birds. A station for the capture and ringing of wild birds is based in the oasis, where experts meet periodically to check the routes of migratory flocks of birds. The Oasis isd divided into three parts: the Campotto and Bassarone floodplains, the Valle Santa and the Traversante wood.
The lagoons were created in their present form at the beginning of the last century and essentially serve as enlarged reservoirs to hold any waters overflowing from the rivers in the Lower Bologna Plain.

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Campotto oasisparks and gardens

Mesola Wood

Via dei Frassini 24, Mesola

The Gran Bosco della Mesola covers an area of 1,058 hectares which represent the remains of a woodla ...

Mesola WoodParks and gardens

Address | Location on Map

Via dei Frassini 24, Mesola

Opening Hours

Tuesdays, Fridays, Saturdays and holidays from 9 a.m. to one hour before sunset. Open from March to October. Not all the wood can be visited, but the trails allow sightings of red deer and fallow deer. Access on foot, by bicycle or on the ecological farm wagon.

Basic Info

The Gran Bosco della Mesola covers an area of 1,058 hectares which represent the remains of a woodland complex, once much larger, which originated around the year 1000. One part of the wood is a Full Nature Reserve, an area fully protected and left to its natural evolution, while the rest of the area is a Nature Reserve. The terrain is of alluvial origin and is irregular, a symptom of ancient dunes which in parts form pools of water with marsh vegetation. The wood is part of the Po Delta regional Park.

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Mesola Woodparks and gardens

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INTRODUCTION

“Ferrara, City of the Renaissance and its Po Delta”

Ferrara, already an important fluvial trade centre during the Middle Ages, reached the peak of its splendour throughout the Renaissance, under the Este family. To this golden age refers the inclusion of the city in the World Heritage List by Unesco, which took place in two subsequent stages: initially in 1995, then in 1999.

In 1995 it was added to the list as a “site of outstanding universal value, being a Renaissance city, remarkably planned, which has retained its urban fabric virtually intact. The developments in town planning expressed in Ferrara were to have a profound influence on the development of urban design throughout the succeeding centuries”. The inclusion regarded the city centre, enclosed within its monumental walls, with its still surviving inner grounds and gardens. In 1999 the Committee for World Heritage extended its recognition stating that the Este ducal residences illustrate the influence of Renaissance culture on the natural landscape in an exceptional manner; the Po Delta is an outstanding planned cultural landscape which retains its original form to a remarkable extent.

As requested by the Italian State, the Committee has consequently decided to change the name of the inscribed property to “Ferrara, City of the Renaissance and its Po Delta”, including therefore a much wider area, and emphasizing the continuity between the city and its territory.

The site is a cultural landscape that encompasses the historic centre of Ferrara and the vast area around the ancient Po delta. The border is not a continuous line and encircles the areas that best represent the territory which saw great change during the Renaissance period. During this time, the ruling Este family instigated urban, architectural and artistic development to both the city and the surrounding countryside with the drainage of huge swathes of swampland, the introduction of “castalderie” and the construction of a network of noble residences known as the “Delizie Estensi”.

The UNESCO site in Ferrara extends to the ring of defensive walls that surround the city. Over time, this ring was gradually enlarged to accommodate new urban extensions. The layout of the city comes from changes implemented in Mediaeval and later times especially as regards the Renaissance expansion designed by Biagio Rossetti. His design included a system of perspective axes that make the city unique, and that are still perfectly preserved and are easily understood by visitors.

The centre of Ferrara, the historic and artistic core of the surrounding territory, is located at the heart of a planned cultural landscape – a green area ranging from the city limits and running along the Po river to the Adriatic sea. Beyond the perfectly preserved city walls, in the rural area outside the boundaries of town, the cultural landscape retains indeed the human marks left on the natural environment throughout the centuries by the incessant shaping action of man. The landscape is studded with monumental buildings, churches, fortresses and castles but also with parks and natural reserves from the inland to the coastline, where the plane meets the sea.

Unesco recognition underlines this very aspect of cultural landscape, and points out a new way of understanding cultural assets, reading them not only as episodic instances or individual monuments but, where possible, as part of a significant and coherent context.

Ferrara

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