The old City of Corfu is since 1997 in UNESCOS’ world heritage list and it is one of the most attractive and romantic places in Greece. The two forts of the town were designed by renowned Venetian engineers, in order to defend the maritime trading interests of the Republic of Venice against the Ottoman Empire. As the centuries went by, the forts were repaired and partly rebuilt several times, more recently during the 19th century, when Corfu was under British rule. The mainly neoclassical housing stock of the Old Town is partly from the Venetian period, partly of later construction, notably the 19th century. As a fortified Mediterranean port, both Corfu’s urban and port are notable for their high level of integrity and authenticity. Corfu’s forts, designed by the architect Sanmicheli, were an excellent example of fortification engineering, and it proved its worth through practical warfare.
Corfu has its own distinct identity, which is reflected not only in the design of its fortification system nut also in its neo-classical building stock. With those characteristics, Corfu can be placed alongside other major Mediterranean fortified port cities. The old city and port of Corfu, compose an architectural example of magnificent worldwide value in legitimacy as long as in its integrity.
The overall form of the fortifications, including the Old Citadel and the New Fort, has been fully maintained while the indications of Venetian occupation as long as primarily interventions from the British period are indisputably obvious.
The present form of the forts is the result from the works in the 19th and 20th centuries. The genuineness and integrity of the old city are those of a neo-classical city.
All this mixture of different architecture gives to Corfu Town a unique attractive character and aura that reminds of glamorous European.
Having been greatly expanded during the Venetian times, Corfu is separated in two parts; the northern and the southern part. The Old Town lies on the northern side between the Spianada Square and the new fortress. The square of the Esplanade (also called Spianada) is the central square of Corfu Town and the largest square in Balkans, which became public during the French occupation. Its design is based on the French garden architecture, consists of many organized trees and flower pots. The square is surrounded by elegant buildings, magnificent monuments and the old Venetian fortress which underlines the starting point of a contemporary city.
One of the most impressive buildings adjoining the square, is the Liston building which stands at the western side of Esplanade and was also built during the French occupation.
Its superior arched terrace, inspired by the architectural style of the Rue de Rivoli in Paris, houses some of the most delicate and exquisite cafes and restaurants in the island. Many other impressive monuments enhance Corfu Town, such as the Old and the New Fortress, the Town Hall, the Palace of Saint Michael and Saint Georges, and Achillion Palace. Corfu has innumerable sights and charms to offer its visitors ,and with all its beauty it is between the most significant Greek towns.
If you are planning to visit Greece check out information about Greece Schengen Visa at http://www.schengenvisainfo.com/greece-visa/